Bovine arch is the most common variant of the aortic arch and occurs when the brachiocephalic innominate artery shares a common origin with the left common carotid artery a bovine arch is apparent in 15 range 8 25 of the population and . Bovine radiographic knowledge however is desired in regions and breeds where individual bovine medical care is practiced furthermore the comprehension of comparative radiographic findings in different species and the acquisition of bovine radiographic anatomy is of significant value for students and residents education. Until recently bovine radiology has not been attempted because of the cost factor and the lack of manoeuvrability and penetration ability of x ray machines now radiology is economically feasible because of the increase in value of good quality animals the advances made in sedatives for cattle and the changes in radiographic equipment making it easily portable and of greater penetrative power. Bovine radiologyis a concise publicationof both technical and interpretive aspects ofbo vine radiology the first three chapters are devoted to technical consideration the re maining chapters present a wide variety of bovineskeletalsofttissueandthoracicabnor malities that can be evaluated radiographi cally . The goal of this article is to encourage veterinarians to use radiology and ultra sonography for the evaluation of bovine orthopedic disorders these diagnostic imaging techniques improve the likelihood of a definitive diagnosis in every bovine patient but especially in highly valuable cattle whose owners demand increasingly
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