The book reflects the ideas of nineteen academic and research experts from different countries the different sections of this book deal with epidemiological and preventive concepts a demystification of cranio mandibular dysfunction clinical considerations and risk assessment of orthodontic treatment. Several studies cite pain as the main reason for avoiding or stopping orthodontic treatment 12 about 8 of all orthodontic patients discontinue treatment because of pain 3 many procedures including separator placement archwire insertion and activation elastic wear application of orthopedic forces and debonding can produce pain. 6 the orthodontic patient examination and diagnosis successful orthodontic treatment begins with the correct diagnosis which involves patient interview examination and the collection of appropriate records. Evidence based clinical orthodontics quintessence publishing co inc chicago berlin tokyo london paris milan barcelona istanbul moscow new delhi prague
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